• VolleyballScience

#365volley facts - February

The info campaign #365volley continues! Every day we will post interesting facts from the volleyball world, for 1 year, on our Facebook page. The materials have been researched by the international volunteers Alexandra (Portugal), Azer (Azerbaijan) and Alejandro (Spain) and prepared by Andreea (Romania). Follow us on Facebook to find out more about its history, variations, playing rules and more about this world!

Here are the February facts!

1. There are leagues in Europe for a similar sport called Futnet which began in the Czech / Slovak area, and that has since spread to other countries in Europe.

2. There are variations of volleyball that allows disable persons to play too. Standing volleyball has its roots in Great Britain and was originally played by amputees. It was played by disabled sportsmen long before the international sports federations for the disabled were founded.

3. Some of the most successful male volleyball players who have been inducted into the Volleyball Hall of Fame include Michael O'Hara, Rolf Engen, Thomas Haine, and Jon Stanley.

4. Some standing volleyball characteristics and facts: team sport played by two teams, on each side of the court are 6 players; the ball is played by hitting it with any part of the body; players can use prostheses.

5. Standing volleyball for the disabled was accepted as an official event at the Paralympic games for the first time in Toronto (Canada) in 1976. Today standing volleyball is no longer a Paralympic sport.

6. In 1956 a new event, designed by two Dutchmen, T. van der Scheer and A. Albers, was introduced in the Netherlands. They called the game sitting volleyball. This is a sport in which the disabled and able-bodied can play together at a high technical level and, as such, represents a good opportunity for co-operation and integration.

7. Some sitting volleyball characteristics and facts: sitting volleyball is a team sport played by two teams, on each side of the court are 6 players; the ball is played by hitting it with any part of the body; blocking the service is allowed by rules; players are required to be in a sitting position during the game.

8. The first official international tournament for sitting volleyball under the umbrella of the ISOD (International Sports Organization for the Disabled) took place in 1979 in Haarlem, the Netherlands. Sitting volleyball was accepted as a Paralympic sport in 1980 at Arnhem Paralympic Games. Today sitting volleyball is a popular worldwide game, played in Africa, both Americas, Asia, Australia and Europe, with its own playing concept and identity.

9. Most frequent disabilities in the volleyball game: amputees are by far most represented in volleyball for the disabled; cerebral palsy; poliomyelitis.

The degree of paralysis varies from one person to another. Some may be on wheelchairs, others may be affected in only one limb and other athletes with a different range of conditions.

10. Some of the most successful female volleyball players who have been inducted into the Volleyball Hall of Fame include Flo Hyman, Jane Ward, Kathy Gregory, and Mary Jo Peppler.

11. This week we have prepared several terms associated with volleyball. Let’s see them

Shank: whenever a player wildly passes a ball such that it is unplayable by any of their teammates.

Chicken Wing: when someone is forced to bend their arm in the shape of a chicken wing to hit the ball. This often happens when the ball is hit right at a defender who isn’t expecting it.

Dinosaur-Dig: references the Tyrannosaurus Rex style arm position players sometimes get when a defender tries to block a ball, but it falls down between themselves and the net.

12. Dump: a surprise return by one team who has the setter unexpectedly return the ball, rather than setting it for the hitter.

Flipper: when a player hits the ball with one fully outstretched arm.

Kong: a one-handed block.

Pancake: when a player only just manages to get to a ball and has to put their hands flat, palm down, on the ground so that the ball hits the back of their hands, instead of the floor.

13. Camel toe: when the ball hits the knuckles.

Campfire Defense: Two or more players surround a ball that lands on the floor.

Closing the Block: Teammates close the space between two blockers to prevent the ball from passing between them.

14. Coach Kill: The opponent fouls immediately after the coach calls a time-out or substitution.

Facial: Also called "six-pack"; a blocker gets hit in the head or face by the spiker.

Flare: A strategic move from the inside out designed to fake the opponent. A teammate runs a deceptive play, then the attacker quickly moves from the inside to attack on the outside.

15. Friendly Fire: A light blow to the head with a serve.

Husband-and-wife Play: a ball that drops between two players who fail to communicate.

Jedi Defense: a surprisingly powerful pass pulled off by an immobile defender.

16. Service Error: A serve in which the ball hits or fails to clear the net, the ball goes out of bounds, or the server faults.

Spike: A strike with intent to kill the ball on the opponent's side.

Sky Ball: An underhand serve that sends the ball high over the net and straight down.

17. The most national championships won by the same team is 20 by Changos de Naranjito in the Puerto Rico Men’s Volleyball National League between 1958 and 2004.

18. Volleyball court divides into attack zone (front row) and defence zone (back row). There are three players on each of the zone. Volleyball zones on the court can also be called positions.

19. Front row players are players who are allowed to block the opponent and attack the ball in the attack zone. Back row players are players who play defence by digging opponent’s attacks and attack the ball behind attack line (3 meter line, 10 feet line).


21. Players are rotating clockwise on the court after winning the rally after the opponent’s serve.

22. Players have rotational positions (position 5, position 2 etc.) on the court from which they are allowed to move to their playing positions (opposite, middle hitter etc.) after the serve when appropriate.

23. There are 7 known playing positions in volleyball

Outside hitter (also called wing spiker, left side)

Right side hitter (wing spiker, right side)

Opposite Hitter (attacker)


Middle Blocker (centre, middle hitter)


Defensive Specialist (mostly used in the US)

24. The most consecutive volleyball passes is 110 in an event hosted by the Triangle Volleyball Club at the Raleigh Convention Center in Raleigh, North Carolina, USA, on 5 February 2010.

25. Outside Hitter is the player who carries the serve receives responsibility along with the libero. Outside hitter’s passing responsibility makes them extremely important player for the team

26. Outside hitter most often attacks the balls which setter sets to the antenna to the left side of the court. Therefore after the serve outside hitters place themselves to the left front position. Sometimes setters run offensive plays in which outside hitters run to hit balls “inside” around the middle blockers.

27. Outside hitters play both the front row and the back row. In modern high level volleyball outside hitters are responsible for hitting the 3 meter line attacks, usually from the middle back position when playing in the back row.

28. Playing on the outside hitter’s position requires great all around skills because they play through the front row and the back row.

29. Right side hitter has the similar role than outside hitter, they play front row and back row and are carrying pass, attack, block, serve and defense responsibilities. Right side hitters aim to place themselves to the right front playing position.

#365volley #EUvolleyballScience #EUsolidarityCorps #ErasmusPlus

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